apostles

How the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Died

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Many wonder how the 12 apostles died, but The New Testament tells of the fate of only two of the apostles: Judas, who betrayed Jesus and then went out and hanged himself, and James the son of Zebedee, who was executed by Herod about 44 AD (Acts 12:2). Read how each of the apostles spread out to minister and evangelize and how many of the apostles died for their faith.

Into All the World

Reports and legends abound and they are not always reliable, but it is safe to say that the apostles went far and wide as heralds of the message of the risen Christ. An early legend says they cast lots and divided up the world to determine who would go where, so all could hear about Jesus. They suffered greatly for their faith and in most cases met violent deaths on account of their bold witness.

Peter and Paul

Both martyred in Rome about 66 AD, during the persecution under Emperor Nero. Paul was beheaded. Peter was crucified, upside down at his request, since he did not feel he was worthy to die in the same manner as his Lord.

Andrew

went to the “land of the man-eaters,” in what is now the Soviet Union. Christians there claim him as the first to bring the gospel to their land. He also preached in Asia Minor, modern-day Turkey, and in Greece, where he is said to have been crucified.

Thomas

was probably most active in the area east of Syria. Tradition has him preaching as far east as India, where the ancient Marthoma Christians revere him as their founder. They claim that he died there when pierced through with the spears of four soldiers.

Philip

possibly had a powerful ministry in Carthage in North Africa and then in Asia Minor, where he converted the wife of a Roman proconsul. In retaliation the proconsul had Philip arrested and cruelly put to death.

Matthew

the tax collector and writer of a Gospel, ministered in Persia and Ethiopia. Some of the oldest reports say he was not martyred, while others say he was stabbed to death in Ethiopia.

Bartholomew

had widespread missionary travels attributed to him by tradition: to India with Thomas, back to Armenia, and also to Ethiopia and Southern Arabia. There are various accounts of how he met his death as a martyr for the gospel.

James

the son of Alpheus, is one of at least three James referred to in the New Testament. There is some confusion as to which is which, but this James is reckoned to have ministered in Syria. The Jewish historian Josephus reported that he was stoned and then clubbed to death.

Simon the Zealot

so the story goes, ministered in Persia and was killed after refusing to sacrifice to the sun god.

Matthais

was the apostle chosen to replace Judas. Tradition sends him to Syria with Andrew and to death by burning.

John

is the only one of the company generally thought to have died a natural death from old age. He was the leader of the church in the Ephesus area and is said to have taken care of Mary the mother of Jesus in his home. During Domitian’s persecution in the middle 90’s, he was exiled to the island of Patmos. There he is credited with writing the last book of the New Testament–the Revelation. An early Latin tradition has him escaping unhurt after being cast into boiling oil at Rome.

 

Read more: https://www.christianity.com/church/church-history/timeline/1-300/whatever-happened-to-the-twelve-apostles-11629558.html

 

What happened to the 12 disciples of Jesus ? How did they die and where?

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What happened to the 12 disciples of Jesus ?


  • Who were the 12 disciples:New Testament Apostolic Lists
    Matt 10:2 Mark 3:16 Luke 6:14 Acts 1:13
    Andrew Andrew Andrew Andrew
    Bartholomew Bartholomew Bartholomew Bartholomew
    James son of Alphaeus James son of Alphaeus James son of Alphaeus James son of Alphaeus
    James son of Zebedee James son of Zebedee James James
    John John John John
    Judas Iscariot Judas Iscariot Judas Iscariot (not named)
    Matthew Matthew Matthew Matthew
    Philip Philip Philip Philip
    Simon (who is called Peter) Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter) Simon (whom he named Peter) Peter
    Simon the Zealot Simon the Zealot Simon who was called the Zealot Simon the Zealot
    Thaddaeus Thaddaeus Judas son of James Judas son of James
    Thomas Thomas Thomas Thomas

     

  • Sources on what happened to Jesus’ disciples
    • Hippolytus of Rome:
      • Birth unknown, died around 236 AD
      • See his entry in the Catholic Encyclopedia: click here
      • Here is a page on the Internet containing his writings: click here
    • Eusebius:
      • Was the Bishop of Caesarea in Palestine, known as the “Father of Church History” because he wrote about the church history.
      • Lived around 260-341 AD
      • See his entry in the Catholic Encyclopedia: click here
    • A very nice write up on the disciples (my source for this webpage): click here

    ….And now… what ever happened to the disciples of Jesus….


  • Judas
      We all know what happened to him…
  • Andrew
    • According to Hippolytus:
          Andrew preached to the Scythians [modern day Georgia] and Thracians [modern day Bulgaria], and was

      crucified

        , suspended on an olive tree, at Patrae, a town of Achaia [Greece]; and there too he was buried.

 

 

  • Bartholomew
    • According to Hippolytus, Bartholomew preached in India:
          Bartholomew, again, preached to the Indians, to whom he also gave the Gospel according to Matthew, and was

      crucified

        with his head downward, and was buried in Allanum, a town of the great Armenia [modern day southern Georgia].
    • Eusebius, in his Church History, confirms the ministry of Bartholomew in India, and adds an eye witness account:
        About that time, Pantaenus, a man highly distinguished for his learning, had charge of the school of the faithful in Alexandria… Pantaenus…is said to have gone to India. It is reported that among persons there who knew of Christ, he found the Gospel according to Matthew, which had anticipated his own arrival. For Bartholomew, one of the apostles, had preached to them, and left with them the writing of Matthew in the Hebrew language, which they had preserved till that time. —- (Book 5, Chapter 10)
  • James, Son of Alphaeus
    • Hippolytus identifies that James was stoned to death in Jerusalem:
          And James the son of Alphaeus, when preaching in Jerusalem, was

      stoned to death

        by the Jews, and was buried there beside the temple.
  • James, Son of ZebedeeJames was the brother of John, the disciple “that Jesus loved”.
    • According to Hippolytus:
          James, his brother, when preaching in Judea,

      was cut off with the sword

        by Herod the tetrarch, and was buried there.
    • Eusebius descibed more precisely what was cut off of James:
        First Stephen was stoned to death by them, and after him James, the son of Zebedee and the brother of John, was beheaded… (Book 3, Chapter 5)

      Yep… James’ head was cut…

     

 

 

 

 

  • John, brother of James and son of ZebedeeJohn was one of the few disciples that did not die a cruel death, but of “old age”.
    • Eusebius discusses the reason that John wrote his Gospel:
          “Matthew and John have left us written memorials, and they, tradition says, were led to write only under the pressure of necessity…And when Mark and Luke had already published their Gospels, they say that John, who had employed all his time in proclaiming the Gospel orally, finally proceeded to write for the following reason. The three Gospels already mentioned having come into the hands of all and into his own too, they say that he accepted them and bore witness to their truthfulness; but that

      there was lacking in them an account of the deeds done by Christ at the beginning of his ministry

        .” (Book 3, Chapter 24)
    • According to Hippolytus, John was banished by Domitian to the Isle of Patmos, and later died in Ephesus:
          John, again, in Asia, was banished by Domitian the king to the isle of Patmos, in which also he wrote his Gospel and saw the apocalyptic vision; and

      in Trajan’s time he fell asleep at Ephesus

        , where his remains were sought for, but could not be found.

     

  • Matthew/Levi
    • Eusebius referenced to Bishop Papias of Hierapolis, as early as c. 110 A.D., bearing witness to Matthew’s authorship of his gospel:
        ….Matthew put together the oracles [of the Lord] in the Hebrew language, and each one interpreted them as best he could.” (Eusebius, Book 3, Chapter 39)
    • According to Hippolytus:
          Matthew wrote the Gospel in the Hebrew tongue, and published it at Jerusalem, and

      fell asleep

        at Hierees, a town of Parthia.\224 [Parthia is near modern day Tehran]
  • Simon/Peter
    • Eusebius, quoting Papias of Hierapolis (c. 110 A.D.), records a tradition that the Gospel of Mark preserved the Gospel as preached by Peter:
        “Mark having become the interpreter of Peter, wrote down accurately whatsoever he remembered…. he accompanied Peter…” —- (Book 3, Chapter 39)
    • Irenaeus (c. 180 A.D.) records a similar tradition, and mentions that Peter and Paul founded the Church in Rome:
        “Matthew also issued a written Gospel among the Hebrews in their own dialect, while Peter and Paul were preaching at Rome, and laying the foundations of the Church. After their departure, Mark, the disciple and interpreter of Peter, did also hand down to us in writing what had been preached by Peter…” —- (Irenaeus, “Against Heresies”, Book 3, Chapter 1)
    • Eusebius records that Peter was put to death under Nero in Rome:
          It is, therefore, recorded that

      Paul was beheaded in Rome

          itself, and that

      Peter likewise was crucified under Nero

        . This account of Peter and Paul is substantiated by the fact that their names are preserved in the cemeteries of that place even to the present day. —- (Book 2, Chapter 25)

      (Paul was a Roman citizen can cannot be crucified but got an “easier” death sentence)

    • Hippolytus confirmed the fact that Peter was crucified by Nero in Rome:
          Peter preached the Gospel in Pontus, and Galatia, and Cappadocia, and Betania, and Italy, and Asia, and

      was afterwards crucified by Nero in Rome with his head downward, as he had himself desired to suffer in that manner

        .
  • Philip
    • According to Hippolytus, Philip preached and was executed in what today is eastern Turkey:
          Philip preached in Phrygia, and

      was crucified

        in Hierapolis with his head downward in the time of Domitian, and was buried there.
  • Simon the Zealot
    • According to Hippolytus, Simon the Zealot was the second Bishop of Jerusalem:
          Simon the Zealot, the son of Clopas, who is also called Jude, became bishop of Jerusalem after James the Just, and fell asleep and

      was buried there at the age of 120 years

        .
  • Thaddaeus/Judas son of JamesAccording to Mat 10:3 (KJV): Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus…. Thaddaeus is also known as Lebbaeus.
    • Hippolytus records:
          Jude, who is also called Lebbaeus, preached to the people of Edessa, and to all Mesopotamia, and

      fell asleep

        at Berytus, and was buried there.

     

  • Thomas
    • Hippolytus records that Thomas was an active missionary, and that he met his fate in India:
          And Thomas preached to the Parthians, Medes, Persians, Hyrcanians, Bactrians, and Margians, and

      was thrust through in the four members of his body with a pine spear

        at Calamene, the city of India, and was buried there.


  • After thought
    • Many of Jesus disciples died cruel deaths for preaching the gospel
    • From other sources (e.g., Paul’s letters, Pliny’s letters to Trajan ( click here ), all they need to do escape such a cruel death was to denounce their faith.

 

 

SOURCE: http://www.ichthus.info/Disciples/intro.html